Self-employed women in Canada
Inspired by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics’ look at women in science across the world, and as part of the work we’re doing in exploring the role of gender in the innovation economy, we’ve decided to do a deeper dive into some of the Canadian statistics on the gender disparity in the labour force.
Over the months of April and May, we’ll be sharing some visualizations that look at a particular slice of data around women in the labour force in Canada, and we welcome your feedback and thoughts on what kinds of stories those visualizations tell.
Trends in self-employment among women
The visualization below highlights the changing trends in types of self-employment, specific to women, from 1987 to 2013. Using data from Statistics Canada, we’ve looked at the kinds of businesses and professional practices owned by women in the country.
We noticed very quickly that an increasing number of working owners of an incorporated business, farm or professional practice don’t have employees. Is this an indication of an increase in women in early-stage entrepreneurship?
What does the data tell you? What actions do we need to take to address some of the issues that come from understanding the data?
All articles in this series:
- Women in Canadian venture capital
- Women in science
- Women in the Canadian workforce
- Breaking down the Canadian labor force
- Levels of education among women in the workforce
- Self-employed women in Canada
- Industry breakdown of self-employed women in Canada
Labour force: Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over, excluding institutional residents, in the week containing the 15th day of the month prior to Census Day. Respondents are classified as either employed or unemployed. The remainder of the working-age population is classified as not in the labour force.
Labour force participation rate: Total labour force expressed as a percentage of the population aged 15 and over. The participation rate for a particular group (for example, women aged 25 years and over) is expressed as a percentage of the population for that group.
Self-employed, unincorporated, no paid help: Working owners of a business, farm or professional practice that is not incorporated and self-employed persons who do not have a business (for example, babysitters and newspaper carriers). This group did not have employees.
Self-employed, incorporated, with paid help: Working owners of an incorporated business, farm or professional practice who had employees.
Self-employed, unincorporated, with paid help: Working owners of a business, farm or professional practice that is not incorporated and self-employed persons who do not have a business (for example, babysitters and newspaper carriers). This group had employees.
Self-employed, incorporated, no paid help: Working owners of an incorporated business, farm or professional practice who did not have employees.